In the world of Linux, questions on which distro to download asked everyday. Distro or distribution is the Operating System variant and set of applications that sits on the Linux Kernel. This can include a large collection of software applications such as word processors, spreadsheets, media players, and database applications. Since it is open-source anyone can modify and publish their own version of linux distro.
The most popular Linux Distro in 2013 are as follows.
1 Linux Mint
Linux Mint is an Ubuntu-based distribution whose goal is to provide a more complete out-of-the-box experience by including browser plugins, media codecs, support for DVD playback, Java and other components. It also adds a custom desktop and menus, several unique configuration tools, and a web-based package installation interface. Linux Mint is compatible with Ubuntu software repositories.
Default Desktop GUI: MATE and Cinnamon
- proprietary software codecs and pluggins pre-installed
- Complete packages: LibreOffice, Firefox, Thunderbird, XChat, Pidgin, Transmission and GIMP
- Glossy and reliable interfaces. Suitable for both beginners and experienced user
Mageia is a fork of Mandriva Linux formed in September 2010 by former employees and contributors to the popular French Linux distribution. Unlike Mandriva, which is a commercial entity, the Mageia project is a community project and a non-profit organisation whose goal is to develop a free Linux-based operating system.
Default Desktop GUI: KDE4 and GNOME3
- New distro with fresh approaches
- Quick installation process
A popular desktop and server distribution derived from Debian, maintained by British company Canonical Ltd.
Ubuntu is a complete desktop Linux operating system, freely available with both community and professional support. The Ubuntu community is built on the ideas enshrined in the Ubuntu Manifesto: that software should be available free of charge, that software tools should be usable by people in their local language and despite any disabilities, and that people should have the freedom to customise and alter their software in whatever way they see fit. “Ubuntu” is an ancient African word, meaning “humanity to others”. The Ubuntu distribution brings the spirit of Ubuntu to the software world.
Default Desktop GUI: Unity
- HUD. Smart search and application access
- Ubuntu includes two Web apps out of the box: Amazon and Ubuntu One
- Cloud services
- Many desktop variance: Kubuntu for KDE, Lubuntu for LXDE, or Xubuntu for XFCE
The Fedora Project is an openly-developed project designed by Red Hat, open for general participation, led by a meritocracy, following a set of project objectives. The goal of The Fedora Project is to work with the Linux community to build a complete, general purpose operating system exclusively from open source software. Development will be done in a public forum. The project will produce time-based releases of Fedora about 2-3 times a year, with a public release schedule. The Red Hat engineering team will continue to participate in building Fedora and will invite and encourage more outside participation than in past releases. By using this more open process, we hope to provide an operating system more in line with the ideals of free software and more appealing to the open source community.
Default Desktop GUI: GNOME-based default Fedora Desktop
- Vast library of applications
- Beautiful artwork
- Great as enterprise desktop
- Large community support
A non-commercial distribution maintained by a volunteer developer community with a strong commitment to free software principles.
The Debian Project is an association of individuals who have made common cause to create a free operating system. This operating system is called Debian GNU/Linux, or simply Debian for short. Debian systems currently use the Linux kernel. Linux is a completely free piece of software started by Linus Torvalds and supported by thousands of programmers worldwide. Of course, the thing that people want is application software: programs to help them get what they want to do done, from editing documents to running a business to playing games to writing more software. Debian comes with over 20,000 packages (precompiled software that is bundled up in a nice format for easy installation on your machine) – all of it free. It’s a bit like a tower. At the base is the kernel. On top of that are all the basic tools. Next is all the software that you run on the computer. At the top of the tower is Debian — carefully organizing and fitting everything so it all works together.
Default Desktop GUI: Gnome 2.3
- A responsive distro with plenty of hardware support, but it lacks the slick optimisations of friendlier rivals, and can be fiddly to get working fully
- Great for advance user or command prompt applications
A community distribution mainly sponsored by German company SUSE. The openSUSE project is a community program sponsored by Novell. Promoting the use of Linux everywhere, this program provides free, easy access to openSUSE, a complete Linux distribution. The openSUSE project has three main goals: make openSUSE the easiest Linux for anyone to obtain and the most widely used Linux distribution; leverage open source collaboration to make openSUSE the world’s most usable Linux distribution and desktop environment for new and experienced Linux users; dramatically simplify and open the development and packaging processes to make openSUSE the platform of choice for Linux developers and software vendors.
Default Desktop GUI: KDE
- Robust infrastructure, enhanced performance, hardware support and confugration
- Beautiful and interactive Plasma Desktop
- Great networking tools and support
7 Arch Linux
Arch Linux is an independently developed, i686- and x86_64-optimised Linux distribution targeted at competent Linux users. It uses ‘pacman’, its home-grown package manager, to provide updates to the latest software applications with full dependency tracking. Operating on a rolling release system, Arch can be installed from a CD image or via an FTP server. The default install provides a solid base that enables users to create a custom installation. In addition, the Arch Build System (ABS) provides a way to easily build new packages, modify the configuration of stock packages, and share these packages with other users via the Arch Linux user repository.
Default Desktop GUI: Arch
- Emphasis on simplicity and lightweightness
- Flexible and epandable. Build your own custom distro based on Arch
- Latest software updates
PCLinuxOS is a user-friendly Linux distribution with out-of-the-box support for many popular graphics and sound cards, as well as other peripheral devices. The bootable live CD provides an easy-to-use graphical installer and the distribution sports a wide range of popular applications for the typical desktop user, including browser plugins and full multimedia playback. The intuitive system configuration tools include Synaptic for package management, Addlocale to add support to many languages, Getopenoffice to install the latest OpenOffice.org, and Mylivecd to create a customised live CD.
9 Puppy Linux
Puppy Linux is yet another Linux distribution. What’s different here is that Puppy is extraordinarily small, yet quite full-featured. Puppy boots into a ramdisk and, unlike live CD distributions that have to keep pulling stuff off the CD, it loads into RAM. This means that all applications start in the blink of an eye and respond to user input instantly. Puppy Linux has the ability to boot off a flash card or any USB memory device, CDROM, Zip disk or LS/120/240 Superdisk, floppy disks, internal hard drive. It can even use a multisession formatted CD-RW/DVD-RW to save everything back to the CD/DVD with no hard drive required at all.
Zorin OS is an Ubuntu-based Linux distribution designed especially for newcomers to Linux. It has a Windows-like graphical user interface and many programs similar to those found in Windows. Zorin OS also comes with an application that lets users run many Windows programs. The distribution’s ultimate goal is to provide a Linux alternative to Windows and let Windows users enjoy all the features of Linux without complications.
Now, how about some nice eye-candies for your Distro and find out the best Desktop Environment: Is it Cinnamon, GNOME, or KDE? (7015)